Communication and Interaction

Support from Specialist Teacher for Communication & Interaction

Specialist Teacher Support

Introduction to Speech, Language and Communication Needs

Speech, language and communication needs (SLCN) encompass all aspects of communication from understanding language, forming sounds, words and sentences to expressing ideas and emotions and using language socially.

SLCN as listed as a primary special educational need accounts for 25.3% of all primary aged pupils in Halton. This is the most common need type recorded.*

SLCN as listed as a pupil’s primary special educational need accounts for 14.1% of all secondary aged pupils in Halton.*

SLCN as a primary special educational need accounts for 11.4% of all pupils placed in special schools in Halton.*

(*National Statistics, January 2015)

A child with SLCN may have a difficulty in one or more of the following areas:

  • Understanding or following what is said
  • Using words or sentences
  • Using speech sounds e.g. saying words clearly
  • Stammering
  • Social interaction Struggle to understand communication
  • Communicating their needs, feelings and ideas to others
  • Understanding and using words in context
  • Reduced vocabulary
  • Recalling words or ideas in different contexts.

Related Terminology

Speech is the verbal manifestation of language. Speech refers to:

  • Sounds used to build up words
  • Processing speech sounds
  • Speaking fluently

Language is a two way system made up of:

Receptive language (listening and understanding)

Expressive language (speaking)

Language Components

Phonology: The discrimination and pronunciation of individual sounds syllables and words necessary for speech.

Syntax: The grammatical rules that enable us to understand and combine words into phrases and sentences.

Pragmatics: The social use of language and the way people understand and use language appropriately
Communication is receiving or expressing a message. Language is an important part of communication medium but we also communicate non-verbally.

To communicate effectively you need more than just language.

Semantics: The words, concepts and meanings that we understand and talk about.

Children who are dual placed in a Key Stage 1 SLCN Resource Base

A Guide for Professionals – Dual Placement (currently being updated)

NEW Named Child Referral Form - SEND Service
Useful Information for Parents and Professionals

Guide for Parents – A guide for parents and carers of school-aged children and young people. It answers some of the questions we are often asked about our work

The Communications Trust – resources for practitioners to support speech, language and communication

Contact: Ami McNamee, Tel. 0151 511 8571