Communication and Interaction
Introduction to Speech, Language and Communication Needs
Speech, language and communication needs (SLCN) encompass all aspects of communication from understanding language, forming sounds, words and sentences to expressing ideas and emotions and using language socially.
SLCN as listed as a primary special educational need accounts for 25.3% of all primary aged pupils in Halton. This is the most common need type recorded.*
SLCN as listed as a pupil’s primary special educational need accounts for 14.1% of all secondary aged pupils in Halton.*
SLCN as a primary special educational need accounts for 11.4% of all pupils placed in special schools in Halton.*
(*National Statistics, January 2015)
A child with SLCN may have a difficulty in one or more of the following areas:
- Understanding or following what is said
- Using words or sentences
- Using speech sounds e.g. saying words clearly
- Social interaction Struggle to understand communication
- Communicating their needs, feelings and ideas to others
- Understanding and using words in context
- Reduced vocabulary
- Recalling words or ideas in different contexts.
Speech is the verbal manifestation of language. Speech refers to:
- Sounds used to build up words
- Processing speech sounds
- Speaking fluently
Language is a two way system made up of:
Receptive language (listening and understanding)
Expressive language (speaking)
Phonology: The discrimination and pronunciation of individual sounds syllables and words necessary for speech.
Syntax: The grammatical rules that enable us to understand and combine words into phrases and sentences.
Pragmatics: The social use of language and the way people understand and use language appropriately
Communication is receiving or expressing a message. Language is an important part of communication medium but we also communicate non-verbally.
To communicate effectively you need more than just language.
Semantics: The words, concepts and meanings that we understand and talk about.
Children who are dual placed in a Key Stage 1 SLCN Resource Base
A Guide for Professionals – Dual Placement (currently being updated)
NEW Named Child Referral Form - SEND Service
Articulation of Phonemes
Bridgewater Speech and Language Therapy Referral Form
Guide for professionals dual placement FINAL
Key stage 2 tests: how to use access arrangements
Multi-sensory handwriting activity
Orthoptist Screening Tool
Orthoptist Referral clinic
Phonological awareness activity
Phonological awareness activity grid
Precision Teaching Grid
Precision teaching using a probe sheet